Olive trees originate from the Mediterranean basin and their cultivation and the extraction of olive oil from the fruit have deep roots into history, counting back thousands of years. Nowadays, olive trees are cultivated in all continents apart from Antarctica and have several different varieties.

It is not clear where and when the cultivation of olive trees first started. The first surviving olive oil amphorae date back to 3500 BC, but olive production is believed to have taken place before 4000 BC. It is certain though that olive trees were cultivated in LESVOS after 2000 BC and their cultivation was a significant factor for the growth of Lesvos’ economy.